When considering roofing options, you’re likely seeking a solution that’s both durable and budget-friendly. Asphalt roofing hits those marks perfectly, making it a top choice for homeowners, particularly in regions prone to varying weather conditions.

  • Popularity: Asphalt roofing is remarkably popular due to its resilience against weather challenges, its wide array of styles, and its ability to fit into almost any homeowner’s budget.
  • Low Cost: Among the various roofing materials available, asphalt shingles stand out for being exceptionally cost-effective. This affordability doesn’t compromise quality, making it an attractive option for comprehensive home protection.
  • Ease of Installation: The simplicity of installing asphalt shingles is another reason for their widespread use. This ease translates to quicker installation times and, by extension, reduced labor costs, offering an economical solution for roof replacement or repair.

If you’re searching for a roofing solution that provides durability, style versatility, and affordability, asphalt roofing is an excellent choice. It adapts well to different architectural styles and comes in an array of colors and textures, ensuring it meets both functional needs and aesthetic preferences.

A comprehensive infographic outlining the benefits and quick facts of asphalt roofing, including its popularity due to cost-effectiveness, wide material selection for different climates and aesthetic preferences, and the straightforward installation process. - asphalt roofing infographic pillar-4-steps

Types of Asphalt Shingles

When diving into asphalt roofing, you’ll encounter several types of shingles. Each has its unique characteristics, benefits, and aesthetic appeal. Let’s break them down into four main categories: 3-tab, Architectural, Luxury, and the materials they’re composed of, such as Composition Shingle and Fiberglass Composition.

3-tab Shingles

3-tab shingles are the most straightforward and cost-effective option in the asphalt shingle family. They are named for the three tabs present on each strip, giving them a flat and uniform look. 3-tab shingles are known for their ease of installation and are a go-to for those on a tight budget. However, they offer a shorter lifespan, typically up to 20 years, and lower wind resistance compared to more advanced options.

Architectural Shingles

Moving up the ladder, Architectural shingles are a step above 3-tab in both quality and appearance. Also known as dimensional or laminate shingles, they provide a more textured and layered look to your roof. This type not only enhances the curb appeal of your home but also offers a better durability and a longer lifespan, around 22-25 years. They come with a slightly higher price tag but are still considered an affordable option for many homeowners.

Luxury Shingles

At the top of the asphalt shingle hierarchy are Luxury shingles. Designed to mimic the appearance of natural slate or cedar shake, these shingles offer the highest level of aesthetic appeal and protection. They are thicker, more durable, and come with the longest lifespan, often exceeding 30 years. Luxury shingles stand up well to harsh weather conditions, including heavy storms and hail, making them an excellent choice for those looking to invest in the long-term value of their home.

Composition Shingle

Composition shingles refer to a broad category that includes all asphalt shingles made from a combination of materials. Historically, this included asphalt mixed with cellulose (plant-based materials), but modern shingles are primarily made of fiberglass composition. This change has improved the durability, fire resistance, and overall performance of asphalt shingles.

Fiberglass Composition

Fiberglass composition shingles are the most common type of asphalt shingles on the market today. They consist of a fiberglass mat coated with asphalt and then topped with ceramic granules. This construction offers excellent fire resistance, durability, and protection against the elements. Fiberglass shingles are lightweight, easy to install, and available in a wide range of colors and styles to fit any home’s design.

In summary, when selecting asphalt roofing shingles, homeowners have a variety of options ranging from the economical 3-tab shingles to the high-end luxury shingles. The choice depends on budget, aesthetic preferences, and specific needs such as weather resistance and longevity. Composition and fiberglass composition materials have revolutionized the asphalt shingle industry, providing durable, fire-resistant, and versatile roofing solutions for today’s homes.

Next, we’ll explore the advantages and disadvantages of asphalt roofing, helping you make an informed decision for your roofing project.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Asphalt Roofing

When it comes to choosing roofing materials, asphalt roofing stands out for several reasons. Yet, like any other option, it has its pros and cons. Let’s dive into the details.


  • Low Cost: One of the biggest draws of asphalt roofing is its affordability. Compared to other roofing materials, asphalt shingles are cost-effective, making them a popular choice for homeowners on a budget. You can expect to spend around $4.00 to $8.00 per square foot, depending on the type of asphalt shingle you choose.
  • Long Lifespan: Asphalt shingles offer a decent lifespan, ranging from 20 to 30 years or more under optimal conditions. Factors like the type of shingle, installation quality, and maintenance routine can influence this lifespan, giving you years of reliable roofing.
  • Ease of Installation: Asphalt shingles are known for their simplicity in installation. This not only speeds up the roofing process but can also reduce the cost of labor. Whether you’re dealing with 3-tab, architectural, or luxury shingles, the installation process remains straightforward.
  • Versatility: Asphalt shingles come in various styles, colors, and textures. Whether you prefer the traditional look of 3-tab shingles or the more dimensional appearance of architectural shingles, there’s an option to match almost any home design.


However, asphalt roofing isn’t without its drawbacks. Here are a few to consider:

  • Environmental Impact: Asphalt shingles are petroleum-based products, and their production can have a significant environmental footprint. While recycling options are available, the majority of worn-out shingles end up in landfills, contributing to waste.
  • Maintenance: To extend the life of an asphalt roof, regular maintenance is necessary. This includes cleaning off moss and algae, replacing damaged shingles, and ensuring proper attic ventilation to prevent heat and moisture buildup.
  • Vulnerability to Weather: While asphalt shingles can withstand a variety of weather conditions, they are not immune to damage from extreme weather. High winds can lift or remove shingles, hail can cause bruising and cracking, and constant sun exposure can lead to fading and deterioration over time.
  • Shorter Lifespan Compared to Other Materials: While the lifespan of asphalt shingles is substantial, it’s shorter compared to materials like metal roofing, which can last 50 years or more. For homeowners looking for a long-term roofing solution, this might be a consideration.

In conclusion, asphalt roofing offers a balance of affordability, ease of installation, and aesthetic versatility, making it a compelling choice for many homeowners. However, it’s important to weigh these benefits against the environmental impact, maintenance requirements, and durability concerns. By understanding both the advantages and disadvantages, you can make a more informed decision that aligns with your priorities and needs.

We’ll delve into the installation process of asphalt roofing, providing you with a clear understanding of what to expect during your roofing project.

asphalt roofing

Installation Process of Asphalt Roofing

When it comes to installing an asphalt roof, the process is straightforward but requires precision and expertise. Let’s break it down into simple steps: Preparation, Underlayment, Shingle Application, Sealing, and Final Inspection.


First things first, preparation is key. This means clearing the area around your home to ensure safety and easy access for roofing materials and equipment. It’s also the time to inspect your roof structure for any signs of damage or wear that needs to be addressed before new shingles are installed. Accurate measurements of the roof area are taken now to ensure you purchase the right amount of materials.


Next up is the underlayment, which is essentially the barrier between your roof deck and the shingles. It plays a critical role in waterproofing your roof. Typically made from felt or fiberglass, the underlayment is rolled out and secured across the entire roof deck. This layer is what stands between your home and the elements, so ensuring it’s properly installed is crucial.

Shingle Application

Now for the fun part: laying down the shingles. Starting from the bottom edge of the roof, shingles are laid in overlapping rows, working up to the peak of the roof. This overlapping method ensures water runs off the roof without seeping underneath the shingles. Each shingle is nailed down, typically with a roofing nailer, which is faster and more consistent than hammering by hand.


Sealing is what gives your roof that added protection against wind and rain. Asphalt shingles come with a strip of sealant that activates with heat from the sun, creating a tight bond that helps prevent shingle blow-off during high winds. It’s a crucial step to ensure the longevity and durability of your roofing.

Final Inspection

Last but definitely not least, the final inspection. This is where a professional roofer checks the newly installed roof to ensure everything is up to standard. They’ll look for proper shingle alignment, secure nailing, and effective sealing around edges and vents. This step is vital for peace of mind, knowing your roof is set to protect your home for years to come.

By choosing a reputable company like Empire Roofing, you’re ensuring that each step of the installation process is handled with care and expertise. A properly installed asphalt roof not only looks great but also provides unmatched protection for your home.

As we’ve outlined the steps involved in installing asphalt roofing, it’s clear that while the process might seem straightforward, each phase requires attention to detail and precision to ensure your roof is installed correctly and efficiently. Next, we’ll explore maintenance and longevity, offering tips on how to keep your asphalt roof in top condition for as long as possible.

Maintenance and Longevity

When it comes to asphalt roofing, understanding its maintenance and longevity is crucial. This will not only help in keeping your roof looking great but also in protecting your home for years to come. Let’s dive into the lifespan expectancy of asphalt roofs, share some maintenance tips, highlight signs of wear, and discuss reshingling.

Lifespan Expectancy

The lifespan of an asphalt roof can vary. 3-tab shingles typically last around 20 years, while architectural shingles can last about 25 to 30 years. Luxury shingles, on the other hand, boast a lifespan of up to 50 years under the right conditions. Factors like installation quality, climate, and maintenance play a significant role in how long your roof will last.

Maintenance Tips

Keeping your asphalt roof in good shape involves regular maintenance. Here are some tips:

  • Inspect your roof twice a year (spring and fall) for any signs of damage or wear.
  • Clean your roof to prevent moss, algae, and debris buildup. Use a gentle wash solution to avoid damaging the shingles.
  • Repair or replace damaged or missing shingles promptly to prevent water damage to your home.

A well-maintained roof can last longer and save you money in the long run.

Signs of Wear

Keep an eye out for these signs that your asphalt roof may need attention:

  • Cracked, curled, or missing shingles
  • Loose or exposed nail heads
  • Black stains on the roof, which could indicate algae growth

Addressing these issues early can prevent more significant problems down the road.


Eventually, every roof will need to be reshingled. When the time comes, consider your options carefully. You might choose to upgrade to a more durable shingle type like architectural or luxury shingles for increased longevity and curb appeal. Reshingling is not just about aesthetics; it’s about protecting your home.

In conclusion, proper maintenance and timely repairs are key to maximizing the lifespan of your asphalt roof. By following these tips and keeping an eye out for signs of wear, you can ensure your roof remains in top condition for as long as possible. And when it’s time to reshingle, choosing the right material can greatly enhance your home’s protection and appearance.

Next, we’ll delve into the environmental impact and innovations surrounding asphalt roofing, exploring how you can make your roofing choices more eco-friendly.

Environmental Impact and Innovations

When it comes to asphalt roofing, it’s not just about protecting your home from the elements. It’s also about making choices that are kinder to our planet. In this section, we’ll explore how innovations in recycling, energy efficiency, and cool roof technology are making asphalt roofing a more environmentally friendly option.


Asphalt shingle recycling has become a significant step towards sustainability in the roofing industry. When old roofs are removed, instead of taking up space in landfills, the shingles can be recycled. These recycled shingles are often turned into road paving material, which is a fantastic way to repurpose this durable material. This process not only reduces waste but also saves valuable resources. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, recycling asphalt shingles can significantly reduce the need for new raw materials.

Energy Efficiency

Innovation in asphalt roofing materials has also led to improved energy efficiency. Modern asphalt shingles can be designed to reflect more sunlight and absorb less heat than traditional shingles. This means that they can help keep your home cooler during the hot summer months, reducing the need for air conditioning and lowering energy bills. The use of these energy-efficient shingles contributes to a reduction in overall energy consumption, which is beneficial for both your wallet and the environment.

Cool Roof Technology

Cool roof technology takes energy efficiency a step further. These roofs are designed to reflect more sunlight and absorb less heat than standard roofs, regardless of their color. By minimizing heat absorption, cool roofs help in reducing the “heat island” effect in urban areas, where buildings and roads can significantly increase local temperatures. This technology not only helps in reducing cooling costs but also contributes to mitigating global warming by lowering the demand for energy.


In conclusion, the asphalt roofing industry is embracing sustainability and innovation, offering homeowners options that are not only durable and cost-effective but also environmentally friendly. By choosing asphalt shingles that incorporate recycling, energy efficiency, and cool roof technology, you’re making a choice that benefits both your home and the planet. As we continue to seek ways to reduce our environmental impact, these advancements in asphalt roofing are a step in the right direction.

Next, we’ll answer some frequently asked questions about asphalt roofing, helping you to make informed decisions for your home.

asphalt roofing

Frequently Asked Questions about Asphalt Roofing

How long does an asphalt roof last?

The lifespan of an asphalt roof largely depends on the type of shingle you choose and how well you maintain it. 3-tab shingles, the most basic and cost-effective option, typically last around 20 years. On the other hand, architectural shingles can last anywhere from 25 to 30 years because they’re thicker and more durable. The top-tier luxury shingles boast a lifespan of up to 50 years in the right conditions, thanks to their superior quality and design.

A well-ventilated attic and regular maintenance can help your roof reach or even exceed these lifespan estimates.

What are the main differences between 3-tab and architectural shingles?

The key differences between 3-tab and architectural shingles lie in their appearance, durability, and cost.

  • Appearance: 3-tab shingles have a uniform, flat appearance with a single tab shape and size. Architectural shingles, also known as dimensional shingles, have a varied shape and size, which gives them a more textured, three-dimensional look.
  • Durability: Architectural shingles are thicker and heavier than 3-tab shingles, making them more resistant to wind and weather damage.
  • Cost: Due to their enhanced durability and aesthetic appeal, architectural shingles are generally more expensive than 3-tab shingles. However, their longer lifespan can make them a more cost-effective choice in the long run.

How can I make my asphalt roof more environmentally friendly?

Making your asphalt roof more environmentally friendly is easier than you might think. Here are a few tips:

  1. Choose recycled materials: Some asphalt shingles are made with recycled content, which helps reduce waste in landfills.
  2. Opt for cool roof technology: Look for shingles that reflect more sunlight and absorb less heat. This can reduce your home’s cooling needs and decrease urban heat island effects.
  3. Proper disposal: When it’s time to replace your roof, ensure the old shingles are disposed of properly. Many areas have recycling programs that turn old asphalt shingles into new roads and other projects.
  4. Regular maintenance: By keeping your roof in good condition, you can extend its life and delay the need for a full replacement. This means less material waste over time.

By keeping these FAQs in mind, you can choose the right asphalt roofing options for your needs and preferences, ensuring your home is protected, stylish, and as eco-friendly as possible.


When we reach the end of our exploration into asphalt roofing, three key points stand out: durability, style options, and the trusted expertise of Empire Roofing.

Durability is at the core of what makes asphalt roofing such a popular choice. These shingles are designed to withstand the elements, from scorching sun to heavy snow, ensuring your home stays protected year-round. With proper maintenance, an asphalt roof can last between 10 to 50 years, offering peace of mind and reliability that’s hard to beat.

But it’s not just about lasting a long time. Asphalt roofing also offers a wealth of style options. Whether you prefer the classic look of 3-tab shingles, the dimensional appearance of architectural shingles, or the luxurious feel of luxury shingles, there’s something for every taste. And with a variety of colors and textures at your disposal, matching your roof to your home’s aesthetic has never been easier.

Finally, when it comes to installing or maintaining an asphalt roof, the expertise of Empire Roofing makes all the difference. Our commitment to quality and customer satisfaction ensures that your roofing project is in good hands. From the initial consultation to the final inspection, we’re with you every step of the way to make sure your roof is exactly as you envisioned it.

Choosing the right roofing material is a big decision, but with the durability, style options, and expert installation provided by Empire Roofing, you can rest assured that you’re making a wise investment in your home’s future.

Contact us today to learn more about how we can bring your vision for a beautiful, long-lasting roof to life.